[LTP] [RFC] Shell API timeout sleep orphan processes

Li Wang liwang@redhat.com
Thu May 6 14:23:32 CEST 2021

Hi Joerg, Petr,

On Tue, May 4, 2021 at 6:34 PM Joerg Vehlow <lkml@jv-coder.de> wrote:
> Hi Petr,
> >>>> The only way to fix this really portable I can think of is moving the
> >>>> timeout code (including the logic in _tst_kill_test) into c code. This way
> >>>> there would only be one binary, that can be killed flawlessly.
> >>> Maybe set -m would be enough. But sure, rewriting C is usually the best approach
> >>> for shell problems, we use quite a lot of C helpers for shell already.
> >> I will send the patch, if this introduces any new issues, we can still
> >> switch to a c based implementation.
> > Thank you!
> I guess I will not submit the fix with set -m...
> My colleague working testing on a new target just ran into a problem
> with out fix using set -m.
> For busybox sh, it only works, if a tty is allocated, otherwise it
> refuses to enable job monitor mode and the whole construct fails...
> Since using the monitor mode only exploits the side effect, that it
> creates a process group and we already found a first issue, I think the
> only solution is switching to a c-based solution for the timeout stuff.
> Personally I like that it is written in shell script, but I see no other
> option to do it in pure shell. There is no builtin way, to create a
> process group and just redirecting the output of sleep to null does not
> seem to be a very good solution to me, because there would still be a
> lot of orphans around.

(Sorry for the late reply, I was just back from the Holidays)

Before we decide to rewrite in C, can we think about this below method?

--- a/testcases/lib/tst_test.sh
+++ b/testcases/lib/tst_test.sh
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ trap "tst_brk TBROK 'test interrupted or timed out'" INT
        if [ -n "$_tst_setup_timer_pid" ]; then
-               kill $_tst_setup_timer_pid 2>/dev/null
+               kill -TERM $_tst_setup_timer_pid 2>/dev/null
                wait $_tst_setup_timer_pid 2>/dev/null
@@ -486,7 +486,7 @@ _tst_setup_timer()
        tst_res TINFO "timeout per run is ${h}h ${m}m ${s}s"

-       sleep $sec && _tst_kill_test &
+       (trap 'kill $!; exit' TERM; sleep $sec & wait $! && _tst_kill_test)&


Li Wang

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